Dominik Antonowicz and Marek Kwiek authored and co-authored three chapters in a book forthcoming from Oxford University Press and edited by Brendan Cantwell, Simon Marginson, and Anna Smolentseva: High Participation Systems of Higher Education. Oxford (2018).
The chapters result from a research project coordinated by Simon Marginson (University College London Institute of Education), started in 2014, with colleagues from seven institutions.
The chapters are:
Marek Kwiek, “Building a new society and economy: high participation higher education in Poland” (1-23).
Brendan Cantwell, Romulo Pinheiro, and Marek Kwiek, “Governance” (1-26).
Dominik Antonowicz, Brendan Cantwell, Isak Froumin, Glen A. Jones, Simon Marginson and Rómulo Pinheiro, “Horizontal diversity” (1-20).
The world is rapidly becoming more educated at higher education level. In nearly all countries with per capita GDP of more than about $5,000 per annum there is a longterm tendency to growth of participation. The worldwide Gross Tertiary Enrollment Ratio (GTER) increased from 10% in 1972 to 32% in 2012, and is now rising by 1% a year. By 2012 the GTER had reached 50% in 54 national systems, compared to 5 systems twenty years before, and there were 14 countries with a GTER of 75% or more. The tendency to high participation systems (HPS) is common to countries that vary widely in rates of economic growth, education system structures, and financing arrangements, but share the tendency to urbanization. Possible causes include state policies, economic development, aspirations for social position, credentialism, global factors, and combinations of these (Simon Marginson).