Special Issue of European Educational Research Journal: “Central and Eastern European Higher Education“, with Michael Dobbins and Marek Kwiek as guest editors, was published (vol. 16, issue 5, 2017). It is available from:
Introduction – by Dobbins and Kwiek – “Europeanisation and globalisation in higher education in Central and Eastern Europe: 25 years of changes revisited (1990–2015)” can be download here.
For most countries it is safe to say that higher education (HE) is the segment of the education system which has changed the most over the past 50 years. Expansion, massification, greater female participation, privatization, the diversification of programmes, and more recently internationalization and globalization processes have radically transformed national HE systems. In Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), these processes of change have not only been much more abrupt and fastpaced than in the West, but have also run parallel to all-embracing political, economic and social transformations and, in many cases, nation-building. HE policy-makers in the region have been forced to tackle essentially all contemporary challenges confronting western HE systems within a much tighter timeframe and under much greater political and economic strain. HE reform has run parallel to the democratization of political institutions, the introduction of capitalism and, more recently, European integration. To complicate matters, CEE universities simultaneously struggled with the restoration of university self-governance and autonomy, academic freedoms, and the renewal of the academic profession. In numerous cases, HE was also at the apex of complicated national language and identity issues.
Marek Kwiek, “A generational divide in the academic profession: A mixed quantitative and qualitative approach to the Polish case” can be downloaded here.
Abstract: In a recently changing Polish academic environment – following the large-scale higher education reforms of 2009–2012 – different academic generations have to cope with different challenges. Polish academics have been strongly divided generationally, not only in terms of what they think and how they work but also in terms of what is academically expected from them following the reforms. This article explores intra-national cross-generational differences based on a combination of quantitative (surveys, N = 3704) and qualitative (interviews, N = 60) primary empirical evidence used according to the mixed-methods approach methodology and its ‘sequential’ research design. This article explores the major dimensions of the intergenerational divide between younger and older academic generations (and how they are related to both post-1989 developments and recent reforms). It shows the power of research at a micro-level of individuals, complementing the traditional research at aggregated institutional and national levels. Implications for Central European systems are shown.
The European Educational Research Journal has been created by the European Educational Research Association (EERA) to further the aims of the association and its members, educational researchers across Europe. EERA was founded to promote educational research in Europe, to foster cooperation between associations of educational research and to enable clear communications with and between policy makers and teachers. EERA intends its journal to build a transnational community of scholars in and through the idea of the ‘European Educational Research Space’.